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The GMAT Scoring Scale

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The Score Report

An official GMAT score report consists of five parts:

The total score is a scaled combination of the verbal and quantitative scaled scores and thus reflects a student’s overall performance on these sections. The AWA and the Integrated Reasoning sections are scored independently; scores for these sections do not affect the 200-800 scaled score.


The Verbal and Quantitative Sections

To compute the scaled score for the Verbal and Quantitative sections, GMAT uses an algorithm that takes the following factors into account:

At the beginning of each section, the GMAT presents a question in the middle range of difficulty. If the question is answered correctly, the next question will be harder and the test-taker’s score will adjust upwards. If the question is answered incorrectly, the next question will be easier, and the test-taker’s score will adjust downwards. (The test taker does not see this adjustment because the score is not revealed until the entire test has been completed.) Thus, the algorithm is constantly recalculating the scaled score as the student progresses through the section. As a test‑taker answers more questions, the algorithm receives more information about his or her skills and is able to calculate an accurate score with greater and greater precision.

Upon completing the GMAT, test-takers must decide whether or not to keep their scores. Those who choose to keep their scores are able to view the total scaled score along with the separate Verbal and Quantitative scaled scores. Those who choose to cancel cannot view any scores.

The real value of a GMAT score is determined by its percentile ranking. A percentile ranking indicates the percentage of test-takers who scored at or below a particular score: the higher the percentile ranking, the more competitive the score. Percentile rankings in the charts below reflect the most current data from the GMAC (through December 2017).

The following table shows the 61 possible GMAT total scaled scores and the percentile rankings assigned to each.

Scaled Score Percentile Scaled Score Percentile
760-800 99 530 30
750 98 520 28
740 97 510 26
730 96 500 24
720 94 490 22
710 91 480 20
700 88 470 18
690 85 460 16
680 81 450 14
670 80 440 13
660 76 430 12
650 72 420 11
640 66 410 10
630 64 400 9
620 61 390 8
610 57 380 7
600 53 360-370 6
590 49 350 5
580 46 330-340 4
570 42 310-320 3
560 39 260-290 2
550 36 220-240 1
540 34 200-210 0

While total scaled scores range from 200 to 800, approximately half of all test takers score between 400 and 600.

The verbal and quantitative scaled scores are also assigned percentile rankings. The following table shows the possible verbal and quantitative scaled scores and the percentile rankings assigned to each.

Verbal Quantitative
Scaled Score Percentile Scaled Score Percentile
45-51 99 51 97
43-44 98 50 87
42 96 49 74
41 94 48 67
40 90 47 59
39 88 46 56
38 84 45 53
37 82 44 47
36 80 43 44
35 75 42 39
34 70 41 37
33 68 40 35
32 65 39 31
31 60 38 29
30 58 37 28
29 55 36 25
28 50 35 22
27 45 34 21
26 42 33 20
25 38 32 19
24 35 30-31 15
23 31 29 13
22 29 28 12
21 25 26-27 10
20 22 24-25 8
19 18 23 7
18 17 22 6
17 14 20-21 5
16 11 18-19 4
15 9 14-17 3
14 8 12-13 2
13 6 7-10 1
12 4 6 0
11 3 6
9-10 2
7-8-6 1

The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

The AWA essay receives two scores on a scale of 0 to 6, at least one of which comes from a human reader. The other score, however, may come from a computerized evaluation program. If the scores from the two readers are identical or differ by exactly one point, they are averaged to obtain the final score for that essay. If the scores differ by more than one point, an expert human reader determines the final score.

The following table lists all of the possible AWA scaled scores and the percentile rankings assigned to each of them.

AWA Score Percentile
6 88
5.5 81
5.0 57
4.5 47
4.0 18
3.5 11
3.0 4
2.5 3
0.5-2 1
0 0

Over 90% of test-takers receive a scaled score of 3 or higher on the AWA. Since human readers are involved in the AWA grading process, students cannot view their AWA scores on the same day that they take the test. Students who accept their scores receive an official GMAT score report approximately two weeks later that includes their AWA score.


Integrated Reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning section is scored on a scale of 1 to 8, in one-point increments. This section is not computer adaptive. Test takers are able to view their Integrated Reasoning score—along with their Verbal, Quantitative, and overall scaled scores—before deciding whether to accept or cancel those scores.

Score Percentile
8 90
7 79
6 64
5 48
4 31
3 18
2 10
1 0