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The GMAT Scoring Scale

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The Score Report

An official GMAT score report consists of five parts:

The total score is a scaled combination of the verbal and quantitative scaled scores, and thus reflects a student's overall performance on the multiple-choice sections of the test. The AWA and the Integrated Reasoning sections are scored independently; scores for these sections do not affect the 200-800 scaled score.


The Verbal and Quantitative Sections

To compute the scaled score for the Verbal and Quantitative sections, GMAT uses an algorithm that takes the following factors into account:

At the beginning of each section, the GMAT presents a question in the middle range of difficulty. If the question is answered correctly, the next question will be harder and the test-taker's score will adjust upwards. If the question is answered incorrectly, the next question will be easier, and the test-taker’s score will adjust downwards. (The test taker does not see this adjustment because the score is not revealed until the entire test has been completed.) Thus, the algorithm is constantly recalculating the scaled score as the student progresses through the section.

As a test-taker answers more questions, the algorithm receives more information about his or her skills and is able to calculate an accurate score with greater and greater precision. Consequently, the questions at the beginning of the section are weighted much more heavily than questions near the end of the section. For example, by the time Question 36 appears, the computer has had 35 questions from which to derive the proper score range. So even if Question 36 were answered correctly, the increase in score would be minimal compared to the increase in score if Question 2 had been answered correctly.

Upon completing the GMAT, test-takers must decide whether or not to keep their scores. Those who choose to keep their scores are able to view the total scaled score along with the separate Verbal and Quantitative scaled scores. Those who choose to cancel cannot view any scores.

The real value of a GMAT score is determined by its percentile ranking. A percentile ranking indicates the percentage of test-takers who scored at or below a particular score: the higher the percentile ranking, the more competitive the score. Percentile rankings in the charts below reflect the most current data from the GMAC (through July 2017).

The following table shows the 61 possible GMAT total scaled scores and the percentile rankings assigned to each.

Scaled Score Percentile Scaled Score Percentile
760-8009953033
7509852031
7409751029
7309550027
7209449025
7109048023
7008847021
6908546018
6808245017
6708044015
6607743014
6507342012
6406841011
6306640010
620633909
610593808
60056360-3707
590523506
580493405
57046320-3304
56042290-3103
55039250-2802
54037220-2401
200-2100

While total scaled scores range from 200 to 800, approximately half of all test takers score between 400 and 600.

The verbal and quantitative scaled scores are also assigned percentile rankings. The following table shows the possible verbal and quantitative scaled scores and the percentile rankings assigned to each.

Verbal Quantitative
Scaled Score Percentile Scaled Score Percentile
45-51995196
44985085
42964974
41934867
40904761
39884658
38854555
37824450
36804347
35764243
34714141
33684039
32663935
31613833
30583732
29563629
28513526
27463424
26433323
25393221
24363118
23323017
22302915
21262814
202326-2712
19192510
1818249
1715238
1612227
151020-216
14918-195
137174
12514-163
11411-132
1037-101
9260
7-81
60

The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

The AWA essay receives two scores on a scale of 0 to 6, at least one of which comes from a human reader. The other score, however, may come from a computerized evaluation program. If the scores from the two readers are identical or differ by exactly one point, they are averaged to obtain the final score for that essay. If the scores differ by more than one point, an expert human reader determines the final score.

The following table lists all of the possible AWA scaled scores and the percentile rankings assigned to each of them.

AWA Score Percentile
688
5.579
5.053
4.542
4.017
3.511
3.04
2.53
1.5-22
0.5-11
00

Over 90% of test-takers receive a scaled score of 3 or higher on the AWA. Since human readers are involved in the AWA grading process, students cannot view their AWA scores on the same day that they take the test. Students who choose to keep their scores receive an official GMAT score report via regular mail approximately two weeks later that includes their AWA score.


Integrated Reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning section is scored on a scale of 1 to 8, in one-point increments. This section is not computer adaptive.

Test-takers will not be able to view their Integrated Reasoning scores on the same day that they take the test. Those who choose to keep their scores will receive an official GMAT score report via regular mail approximately two weeks later that includes the Integrated Reasoning score.

Score Percentile
892
782
670
554
438
324
211
10